Our Work

Flytipping and Rural Crime



We continue to campaign hard on the issue of flytipping and are calling for greater action and support for private landowners in dealing with this crime including seeking legislative changes and tougher sanctions. 

Flytipping, regardless of the circumstances, is a crime which continues to blight the Scottish countryside. It is the illegal dumping of waste onto land that has no licence to accept it and can include anything from a single black bin bag of litter to large quantities of tyres or construction waste.

The Cost of Flytipping

Flytipping is dangerous to the environment and costs us all. According to figures published by Zero Waste Scotland, there are over 60,000 incidents of flytipping reported each year in Scotland, costing over £8.9 million of public money to clear up. 

This is an ongoing issue for our rural communities with landowners and farmers continuing to experience damage to their landscape – some targeted multiple times in a month. This produces a vicious cycle of costly clean-ups by the victims who bear the burden of waste crime and leads to scenarios where a rural business finds itself liable to pay thousands to clean up incidents of flytipping.

It can also have indirect consequences including negative effects on property values, and increased crime rates and mental health issues in areas where flytipping is prevalent. Sometimes the composition of flytipped waste includes hazardous waste, which threatens our ecosystem and wildlife and may even depict a risk to human life.


There is absolutely no doubt that we can, and should, all be doing more to tackle fly-tipping, cracking down on large scale criminal and commercial operators and working to change the behaviour of individuals. 

In Scotland, the main legislation concerning flytipping is the Environment Protection Act 1990 (EPA 1990) as amended, which prohibits the disposal of waste without the necessary permit. If a person is found guilty of the offence they can be issued with a fixed penalty notice of £200 or could potentially be sentenced to imprisonment and risk a fine of up to £40,000. The Regulatory Reform (Scotland) Act 2014 gives the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) powers to issue fixed penalties of up to £2,500 and variable monetary penalties up to £40,000.

SLE, along with the Scottish Partnership Against Rural Crime (SPARC) are working hard to tackle the issue and the behaviors of those who dump their waste illegally to ensure services and infrastructure are available to help people do the right thing.

The Scottish Partnership Against Rural Crime Strategy can be viewed here.

The Scottish Land & Estates action plan which calls for Scottish Government action on flytipping can be viewed here.

The work carried out by Scottish Land & Estates on flytipping during lockdown can be viewed here.

Rural Crime

Scotland’s communities can only flourish when people feel safe. Developing, maintaining and enhancing sustainable partnerships is key to achieving this. 

SPARC is a multi-agency partnership collectively working together to tackle rural crime. Providing strategic focus, SPARC coordinates a committed and sustained approach including crime prevention advice to those living, working and enjoying Scotland’s rural communities and environments. 

SLE is a full member of the SPARC.  The National Rural Crime Strategy 2019-2022 developed by the partnership can be viewed here

Alongside this national work there is also a regional rural crime team in place, with all 13 police divisions in Scotland having a rural crime designated point of contact. Please contact your regional support officer to find out who this is in your area